Boris Bekhterev was born to a family of musicians. He began studying music at the age of five and was educated at Moscow's Gnessin School of Music, being awarded a medal of merit at his graduation. He continued to improve his mastery until attaining a doctorate with outstanding results at Moscow's Tchaikowsky Conservatoire, studying under the famous Maestro J. Milstein.
In 1970, having won first prize in the Soviet Pianists' Competition, he began giving concerts both as a soloist and in duo with the violinist Vladimir Spivakov. Boris Bekhterev has played at some of the most prestigious concert halls in the Soviet Union, in Europe (Vienna's Konzerthaus, The Accademia di Santa Cecilia (Rome), La Scala Theatre in Milan), in the United States (New York's Carnegie Hall), in Japan and other nations.
He boasts a very wide repertoire which extends from the baroque style of Bach and Scarlatti, through Classicism and Romanticism, touching on French Impressionist culture, and arriving at the modern and contemporary composers. A large part of his repertoire consists of works by Russian composers. He has played with many orchestras in the Soviet Union and with chamber orchestras such as the Virtuosi of Moscow, the English Chamber Orchestra, the Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra of Budapest and the Prague Chamber Orchestra.